Friday, December 15, marks 226 years since the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution were ratified.
In July of 1788 North Carolina’s forebears had the gumption to be of the few to demand protection of individual rights be explicitly included in our constitution as a prerequisite to supporting its ratification.
While they have been expanded upon in the years hence, the first ten amendments to the world’s oldest active constitution formed the bedrock foundation for supporting the American idea – that individuals have certain inalienable rights that must be protected from government encroachment first and foremost.
These days it is easy to find examples of these rights being usurped, whether it be government domestic surveillance programs violating the fourth amendment, or an out of control federal government trampling on the tenth amendment.
Big Government’s violations of these rights are innumerable.
Still, so long as the constitution and its Bill of Rights ostensibly serve as the founding documents from which citizens in this country are governed, there is hope that the inherent truths that are Individual Rights can be upheld.
Reading the text of these first ten amendments gives one appreciation for just how eloquent, insightful, and concise our Founding Fathers were when crafting the greatest and most successful political experiment of all time.
Happy Bill of Rights Day, from First in Freedom Daily.
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.
A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed.
No soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.
The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.
No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service in time of war or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.
In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the state and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of counsel for his defense.
In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise reexamined in any court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.
Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.
The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.